Health Plan Rules – Treating Employees Differently
Some employers may want to be selective and treat employees differently
for purposes of group health plan benefits. For example, employers may
consider implementing the following plan designs:
A health plan “carve-out” that insures only select groups of employees (for example, a management carve-out);
Different levels of benefits for groups of employees; or
Varied employer contribution rates based on employee group.
In general, employers may treat employees differently, as long as they are
not violating federal rules that prohibit discrimination in favor of highly
compensated employees. These rules currently apply to self-insured health
plans and arrangements that allow employees to pay their premiums on a
pre-tax basis. The nondiscrimination requirements for fully insured health
plans have been delayed indefinitely.
Employers should also confirm that any health plan rules do not violate other
federal laws that prohibit discrimination. In addition, employers with insured
plans should confirm that carve-out designs comply with any minimum
participation rules imposed by the carrier.
Health Plan Designs
These types of plan designs maybe
• Only a select group of employees is eligible to participate;
• There are different benefits available to a select group of employees; or
• An employer contributes more of the cost of coverage for a select group of employees.
• Fully insured health plans are not subject to nondiscrimination testing.
• An employer’s Section 125 plan must satisfy three different nondiscrimination tests to avoid adverse tax consequences.
• Self-insured health plans cannot discriminate in favor of highly compensated employees with respect to eligibility for benefits.
Download the full PDF here – Health Plan Rules – Treating Employees Differently